Thursday, July 23, 2020

Dr. Anne Speckhard discusses ISIS Children and Repatriation

Anne Speckhard, Ph.D.,  Director of the International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism ,#ICSVE, joined me on the Sutliffian Report to talk about the children of #ISIS and #Repatriation. #terrorism

Saturday, July 11, 2020

Islamic Social Norms and FGM


On January 30th of this year, a 12-year-old girl in Egypt died as a result of her parents having Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) performed on her. Egypt has had a law outlawing the practice since 2008. The parents have been charged.  This law was written to protect females because Islamic social norms permit and encourage this practice.

Ian Askew
According to Ian Askew, World Health Organization Director for the Department of Reproductive Health and Research:

FGM describes all procedures that involve the partial or total removal of external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.  It has no health benefits.

More than 200 million girls and women alive today are living with FGM and many are at risk of suffering the associated negative health consequences as a result.


These include death, severe bleeding and problems urinating.  Longer-term consequences range from cysts and infections to complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths.


FGM is a grave violation of the human rights of girls and women.

Another term used for FGM is female circumcision.  Some countries prefer the term FGC, as it is seen as “more neutral.”  (The “C” being a reference to “cutting.”)  This “more neutral” term allows their medical personnel to package FGM into the “birth package.”  Ebony Ridell Bamber, the head of advocacy and policy at Orchid Project, a UK-based NGO working towards ending FGM, states that.  "It really contributes to legitimizing and entrenching the practice even further."


In Islam, legitimization comes when shariah, Islamic law, endorses and promotes a practice.  Under shariah, female circumcision is required of Muslim females. This is documented in Reliance of the Traveller



e4.3   Circumcision is obligatory (O: for both men and women.  For men it consists of removing the prepuce from the penis, and for women, removing the prepuce (Ar. Bazr) of the clitoris (n: not the clitoris itself, as some mistakenly assert).  (A: Hanbalis hold that circumcision of women is not obligatory but sunna, while Hanafis consider it a mere courtesy to the husband.)"

Islamic scholars have been found using this piece to declare to non-Muslims that shariah does not agree with FGM, going so far as to claim it is unIslamic if carried out to the extreme and totally removing the clitoris:

Female circumcision, known pejoratively in its extreme form as female genital mutilation or cutting, is not prescribed in the Quran and there are no authentic prophetic traditions recommending the practice.  The basis in Islamic law is that it is not permissible to cause bodily harm and any such practice of female circumcision proven to be harmful would be unlawful.

This is very deceptive.  Let’s look at what the abbreviations mean in the above section of shariah:

A: ...  comment by Sheikh 'Abd al-Wakil Durubi
Ar.     Arabic
n: ...  remark by the translator
O: ...  excerpt from the commentary of Sheikh 'Umar Barakat

Taking the commentary of the translator out, the passage now reads:

e4. 3    Circumcision is obligatory (O: for both men and women.  For men it consists of removing the prepuce from the penis, and for women, removing the prepuce (Ar.  Bazr) of the clitoris.   

Many other hadiths also back up the obligation for FGM under Shariah.  For example:

Aishah narrated that: the Prophet said: "When the circumcised meets the circumcised then Ghusl [full-body ritual purification] is required." (Jami` at-Tirmidhi Vol. 1 Book 1 #109 )
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Said ibn al- Musayyab that Umar ibn al-Khattab and Uthman ibn Affan and A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "When the circumcised part touches the circumcised part, ghusl is obligatory." (Muwatta Malik Book 2, Hadith 73)
Abu Huraira: Allah's Messenger said, "No child is born but has the Islamic Faith, but its parents turn it into a Jew or a Christian.  It is as you help the animals give birth.  Do you find among their offspring a mutilated one before you mutilate them yourself.” (Sahih al-Bukhari 6599, 6600)
To say that FGM only happens in third-world countries ignores the sad and sorry truth that several countries have passed laws forbidding this cruelty to their children. Egypt passed a law against FGM in 2008 and was amended in 2016. But by 2015, a “government survey discovered that 87% of Egyptian women and girls aged between 15 and 49 have been mutilated, or as the Egyptian government put it, “circumcised.”

February 6th  of this year was the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation. This annual day of awareness was commemorated this year by the German news source DW.com’s article, “Female genital mutilation feels 'like living in a dead body' by Shadia Abdelmoneim, which describes how a midwife performed FGM on her without her consent after the birth of her third child in Sudan:
It led to a lengthy period of shock thereafter where she found it difficult to trust anybody, but Shadia also vividly recalls the moment she realized what had happened.

"I wanted to go to the toilet, but something wasn't right.  I couldn't walk and was in considerable pain.  When I saw what she had done, I was shocked.  She'd cut everything open and then sewn it closed.  I had no idea what to do.”
Shadia, already fighting against female genital mutilation and for women's rights as an activist in Sudan, was in her mid 30s at the time.  She started living in a constant state of fear for her three daughters; she could barely let them out of her sight.  

"How could women do something like that to one another, how?" she asks, her eyes welling up with tears.  "Being circumcised is like living in a dead body.”

Dr.  Cornelia Strunz, who works at the Desert Flower Center, met Shadia when she came to the center for help, said Shadia needed surgery to help her live with this mutilation. According to Dr.  Strunz, there are many possible problems that result from FGM.

Many women have problems emptying their bladder after FGM.  Menstrual blood can't drain properly.  For some, sex becomes practically impossible.  Women can also develop fistulas -- connections between two body parts which should not exist at all in normal circumstances.  One example would be a link between the vagina and rectum, leading to them passing stools through the vagina.  Obviously, that's not very easy to live with.
Social norms that allow for FGM conflict with several social norms of Western civilization.  It denies a women’s rights to have control over her own body, as it is a requirement under shariah.  It destroys a woman’s ability to enjoy partaking in sexual activity when the woman marries.  This makes the act a duty and not a pleasure. The act itself violates the Hippocratic Oath “to do no harm.” In countries where FGM is banned, parents/guardians who have this done to their own daughters are denying the validity of laws made by men. 

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Is child marriage and forced marriage part of Islamist social norms?



On March 1, 2020 The News out of Pakistan published an article on child marriage in the country. In the article an 11 year old is basically sold to a man who is 60 years old. The young girl finds herself married and is soon violated and nearly dies from the encounter. The News reminds its readers that Child Marriage is illegal in Pakistan.The News also attests that Child Marriage is indeed a forced marriage in that children are not able to make adult decisions. The News also communicates the sad truth that Child Marriages laws are rarely enforced in Pakistan for a variety of reasons, among them a lack of birth records attesting to a female’s age.

Is there another reason for the lack of enforcement? Is Child Marriage and/or forced marriage an Islamic social norm?

Child marriage is endorsed by Islam because Muhammad married a girl at the age of 6 and consummated the marriage when she was 9. Aisha herself is recorded as having stated she was 9 years old. This is in lunar years not solar years, so Aisha may have still been 8 solar years old. It is one thing to hear that Muhammad had sex with a child bride who was 9 lunar years old, but when you start to look at the evidence for it in the Hadiths you learn that it is Aisha herself who says she was 9 years old.

'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Allah's Apostle (ﷺ) married her when she was seven years old, and he was taken to his house as a bride when she was nine, and her dolls were with her; and when he (the Holy Prophet) died she was eighteen years old. (Sahih Muslim Book 16, Hadith 83)

Narrated `Aisha: 
that the Prophet  married her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old. Hisham said: I have been informed that `Aisha remained with the Prophet  for nine years (i.e. till his death). (Sahih al-Bukhari 5134)

The fact that dolls were with Aisha tells that us she had not yet entered puberty. In Islamic culture, girls were allowed to play with dolls until they entered puberty. Girls Health.gov states that girls begin puberty between the age of 8 and 12. So it is entirely possible that she had entered puberty. But the fact that she was still playing with dolls calls this into question.

According to Bukhari, Muhammad exhorted his followers to marry young virgin girls as he did. The following hadith has Muhammad talking about playing with them.

Narrated Jabir bin `Abdullah:
When I got married, Allah's Messenger said to me, "What type of lady have you married?" I replied, "I have married a matron' He said, "Why, don't you have a liking for the virgins and for fondling them?" Jabir also said: Allah's Messenger said, "Why didn't you marry a young girl so that you might play with her and she with you?' (Sahih Bukhari Vol. 7, Book 62, Hadith 17)

Keep in mind that devote Muslims require more than the Quran in order to copy what Muhammad did. This imitation aspect of Islam is complete from the exact copying of the movements and words said in prayer to every aspect of his life.

Attempts to outlaw the behavior of marrying prepubescent girls and consummating the marriage have been tried in Islamic countries like Pakistan. In 2016, the country attempted to raise the minimum age for marrying to 16. “A representative from the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) had dubbed the amendment to the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Bill 2014 as "anti-Islamic" and "blasphemous" during the committee meeting.”

In the Philippines, the marriage age is codified in the Code of Muslim Personal Laws, which was originally written in 1977. A Primer on the Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines states:

Any Muslim male at least fifteen years of age and any Muslim female of the age of puberty or upwards and not suffering from any impediment under the provisions of this Code may contract marriage. A female is presumed to have attained puberty upon reaching the age of fifteen. (Art. 16.1)
           
This looks like marriage is something equally agreed to by both the male and female. However, that is not entirely true. It is also not true that a female must have started puberty. The Primer proposes two questions that address this.

CAN A FEMALE BELOW FIFTEEN YEARS OF AGE CONTRACT MARRIAGE?

Yes. The Shari’a District Court may, upon petition of a proper wali, order the solemnization of the marriage of a female who, though less than fifteen but not below twelve years of age, has attained puberty. (Art. 16.2)

IF ANY OF THE CONTRACTING PARTIES IS BELOW THE PRESCRIBED AGE, WHAT HAPPENS TO THE MARRIAGE?

Marriage through a wali by a minor below the prescribed age shall be regarded as betrothal. It may be annulled upon the petition of either party within four years after attaining the age of puberty, provided no voluntary cohabitation has taken place and the wali who contracted the marriage was other than the father or paternal grandfather. (Art. 16.3)

A Wali is a guardian. The male parent/guardian may arrange a marriage of a child bride after she is 12. It is stated that the bride may annul the marriage four years after, provided there has been no cohabitation.

In Reliance of the Traveller, which is shariah in English, we learn that marriage AND consummation of the marriage to prepubescent girls are permissible:

e10.3 When a woman who has been made love to performs the purificatory bath, and the male's sperm afterwards leaves her vagina, then she must repeat the ghusl if two conditions exist:

(a) that she is not a child. but rather old enough to have sexual gratification (A: as it might otherwise be solely her husband;s sperm);

It must be said that Islamists have the only religion that defends child marriage. It is not the only culture to have child marriages. It is only a few years ago that Tennessee outlawed child marriage.

What about other forms of forced marriage? While doing research on this topic, on Google, the terms “forced marriage” and Islam were entered. The most prominent result took me to Discover-the-truth.com, where Kaleef K Karim had written a brief piece alleging that Islam requires consent of both the woman and the man. He began by giving a passage from the Quran 4:19, showing that women are considered property and can be inherited.

O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good.

But in this sense, women as property must consent to being married. This speaks of women, not child brides. Kaleef considers this strong enough evidence to state: “So the above passage from the Quran is crystal clear that men cannot inherit women against their will. This passage alone is enough evidence that Islam forbids it, but we will go further.” Sadly, Kaleef misses that this passages is specifically talking about inheritance, which basically equates women with property.

The next passage Kaleef offers is indeed troublesome.

Abu Hurairah narrated that:
The Prophet said: "A matron should not be given in marriage until she is consulted, and a virgin should not be given in marriage until her permission is sought, and her silence is her permission." (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1107)

Equating silence with consent is problematic! What if the bride to be is scared for her life? What if she has been told if she says no, her family will be killed? But in Islam this is OK? Silence equals consent? It becomes twice as problematic when the Islamic marriage ceremony is looked at. Unlike, Judaism and Christianity, in Islam, consent is measured in a contract signed by four witnesses, two for the bride and two for the groom. If the bride is pressured to sign and the witnesses are provided by the groom, a forced marriage can occur easily. Remember here that silence of the bride to be is seen as consent. Kaleef did not address other passages which refer to marrying a slave. Slaves do not get choices.

'If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (the captives) that your right hands possess.  (Sahih Bukhari Vol. 7, Book 62, Hadith 2)

Narrated Abu Burda's father:
Allah's Messenger said, any man who has a slave girl whom he educates properly, teaches good manners, manumits and marries her, will get a double reward  (Sahih Bukhari Vol. 7, Book 62, Hadith 20) 

This allows Muslim men to take a captive woman as a slave and marry her. Of course, she must convert to Islam first. Historically, Islam has forced conversions through threats during conquests.

Muhammad himself presided over a marriage where the woman was given no chance to consent. In fact she offered her consent in marriage to Muhammad not to someone else!

Narrated Sahl bin Sa`d As-Sa`idi:
A woman came to Allah's Messenger () and said, "O Allah's Messenger ()! I have come to give you myself in marriage (without Mahr)." Allah's Messenger () looked at her. He looked at her carefully and fixed his glance on her and then lowered his head. When the lady saw that he did not say anything, she sat down. A man from his companions got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger ()! If you are not in need of her, then marry her to me." The Prophet () said, "Have you got anything to offer?" The man said, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger ()!" The Prophet () said (to him), "Go to your family and see if you have something." The man went and returned, saying, "No, by Allah, I have not found anything." Allah's Apostle said, "(Go again) and look for something, even if it is an iron ring." He went again and returned, saying, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger ()! I could not find even an iron ring, but this is my Izar (waist sheet)." He had no rida. He added, "I give half of it to her." Allah's Messenger () said, "What will she do with your Izar? If you wear it, she will be naked, and if she wears it, you will be naked." So that man sat down for a long while and then got up (to depart). When Allah's Messenger () saw him going, he ordered that he be called back. When he came, the Prophet () said, "How much of the Qur'an do you know?" He said, "I know such Sura and such Sura," counting them. The Prophet () said, "Do you know them by heart?" He replied, "Yes." The Prophet () said, "Go, I marry her to you for that much of the Qur'an which you have.“ (Sahih al Bukhari Vol. 7, Book 62, Hadith 24)

If Muhammad required no consent in a marriage he performed how many Imam’s who are eager to copy him, will require consent? These passages explain some of the forced marriages that are now monthly making the news.






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Friday, February 21, 2020

Sutliffian Report with Todd Bensman on the lessons learned from Islamic terrorists using migration into Europe

Todd Bensman of the Center for Immigration Studies joined me on the Sutliffian Report on Thursday 2/20/2020 to talk about his research What Terrorist Migration Over European Borders Can Teach About American Border Security The term migration here is the equivalent of the Islamic doctrine of Hijrah. This is a highly important topic to anyone involved in keeping out country safe. Europe would do well to pay attention to Mr. Bensman's work.


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Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Are Women Considered Less Than Equals In Islamic Social Norms?


Are Women Considered Less Than Equals
In Islamic Social Norms?

One of the great privileges I have had as a talk show host is to talk with people like Dr. Phyllis Chesler, who put me on to the term, Islamic Gender Apartheid. It is the name of one of her books. Western Civilization Social Studies textbooks claims that women receive equality in Islam. Women wearing hijabs go to various places to speak of the greatness of Islam and how it gives them freedom and equality. But are they telling the truth? This is a question Dr. Chesler asks. As a well-known Feminist, she also asks why won’t feminists do academic studies on the lack of freedom and equality given to women in Islamist social norms.


Dr. Chesler says in her book, Islamic Gender Apartheid:

The plight of both men and women in the Islamic world (and increasingly in Europe) requires a sober analysis of reality and a heroic response. World events have made feminism more important, yet at the same time feminism has lost much of it’s power. To my horror most Western academic and mainstream feminists have not focused on what I call gender apartheid in the Islamic world or in its steady penetration of Europe.

It has to be asked, “Is there an Islamic scriptural basis for what Dr. Chesler calls Islamic Gender Apartheid?” if so, that would mean that Islamist social norms are exceedingly opposed to that of Western ones regarding women. The Hadiths reveal a surprising amount of information on this:

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet said: "I was shown the Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who were ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?" (or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, "They are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favors and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees something in you (not of her liking), she will say, 'I have never received any good from you." (Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 28)

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri: Once Allah's Apostle went out to the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o 'Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr prayer. Then he passed by the women and said, "O women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." They asked, "Why is it so, O Allah's Apostle?" He replied, "You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you." The women asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?" He said, "Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn't it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?" The women replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion." (Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 6, Number 301)

It is shocking to say that Islam actually recorded these things for posterity. It is actually recorded and written down preserved as something to be revered under Islam.

When a girl is born to Islamic family, it can be viewed as less of a blessing than that of a boy. This can be seen in the Islamic practice of ‘Aqiqiah (Aqee-Qa). Reliance of the Traveller, records the differences in sexes as significant under this section.

j15.0 SACRIFICE FOR A NEWBORN ('AQIQA) AND NAME GIVING
(O: Lexically, 'aqiqa means the hair on a baby's head at birth. In Sacred Law, it means the animal sacrificed when the baby's hair is cut, which is a confirmed sunna (def: c4.1).)
SUNNAS AFTER BIRTH

j15.1 It is recommended for anyone to whom a child is born to shave its hair on the seventh day thereafter (O: meaning any newborn, whether male or female; a baby girl should also have her hair shaved) and give away in charity gold or silver equal to the weight of the hair. It is also recommended (N: when the baby is first born) to give the call to prayer (adhan, def: f3.6) in its right ear and the call to commence (iqama) in its left.

THE SACRIFICE
j15.2 If the baby is male, it is recommended to slaughter two shahs (def:h2.5) that meet 'Eid Sacrifice specifications (def:j14.2), while if the baby is female, it is recommended to slaughter one.

(O: The person called-upon to slaughter for a newborn is the one obliged to support the child (dis: m12.1).) After slaughtering, the shah is cooked (O: as at any feast) in sweet sauce, but none of its bones are broken (A: it is cut at the joints), and it is recommended to distribute the meat to the poor.

There exist some who try to claim that Islam is a feminist religion. In making this claim, they state that Sura 2:228 claiming that “the rights of the wives [with regard to their husbands] are equal to the [husbands'] rights.” However, they do not share the context of the verse nor the entire verse. This verse is about divorced women!  The entire verse says something quite different!

And the divorced women shall undergo, without remarrying, a waiting-period of three monthly courses: for it is not lawful for them to conceal what God may have created in their wombs, if they believe in God and the Last Day. And during this period their husbands are fully entitled to take them back, if they desire reconciliation; but, in accordance with justice, the rights of the wives [with regard to their husbands] are equal to the [husbands'] rights with regard to them, although men have precedence over them [in this respect].

Also from the same chapter of the Quran verse 282 tells us how unequal women are to men.\

And bring to witness two witnesses from among your men. And if there are not two men [available], then a man and two women from those whom you accept as witnesses - so that if one of the women errs, then the other can remind her. And let not the witnesses refuse when they are called upon. 

This speaks of women not having the same memory capacity as the male counterparts. It is demonstrative of how women are thought of in Islamic cultures.

In 2016, Dispatches, a British based television show did shared their undercover discovery in some of Great Britain’s largest mosques this was a return to see if the mosque, its bookstore and/or several of its speakers had cleaned up their act.  The showed video of Murtaza Khan who attacked the idea that women could be independent from men. According to him when a woman believes she does not need a man to survive, and believes she can get her own job, her own education, her own place, or even her own welfare, is deceived. He says that belief is of the devil, and that “man is stronger than women. But men today do not know how to take care of their families. That is why their women walk loose, Their women speak loose  -- and that’s their evil society that Muslim society has become like that today.”

Court of Law

Under Sharia a woman is counted as less than a man as you read in the Hadith above. In the Quran this is stated very clearly:

O you who have believed, when you contract a debt for a specified term, write it down. And let a scribe write [it] between you in justice. Let no scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him. So let him write and let the one who has the obligation dictate. And let him fear Allah, his Lord, and not leave anything out of it. But if the one who has the obligation is of limited understanding or weak or unable to dictate himself, then let his guardian dictate in justice. And bring to witness two witnesses from among your men. And if there are not two men [available], then a man and two women from those whom you accept as witnesses - so that if one of the women errs, then the other can remind her. And let not the witnesses refuse when they are called upon. And do not be [too] weary to write it, whether it is small or large, for its [specified] term. That is more just in the sight of Allah and stronger as evidence and more likely to prevent doubt between you, except when it is an immediate transaction which you conduct among yourselves. For [then] there is no blame upon you if you do not write it. And take witnesses when you conclude a contract. Let no scribe be harmed or any witness. For if you do so, indeed, it is [grave] disobedience in you. And fear Allah . And Allah teaches you. And Allah is Knowing of all things. (2:282)

Shariah is a bit more explicit limiting what a woman can do by herself to next to nothing. An individual woman’s legal ability to act as a witness are half that of a man, this includes the signing of contracts, such as witnessing the validity of a marriage.

m3.3 The second integral is that the marriage have witnesses, it not being valid unless two witnesses are present who are:

(a) male (O: since a marriage witnessed by a man and two women would not be valid (A: though it would be valid in the Hanafi school))

o24.7 The testimony of the following is legally acceptable when it concerns cases involving property, or transactions dealing with property, such as sales:

(1) two men;

(2) two women and a man;

(3) or a male witness together with the oath of the plaintiff.
024.10 If testimony concerns things which men do not typically see (O: but women do), such as childbirth, then it is sufficient to have two male witnesses, a man and two women, or four women.

If women are not considered equals in a court of law held by Islamists, people who want shariah, what does that mean about how they view women as a whole? Many years ago I had a house mate from Nigeria who worked as a doctor at a local hospital. One day, one of his nurses appeared and asked me teach him to treat women in America, or he would soon be shipped home for his sexist treatment of women as a whole. The nurses of the hospital were going to file a complaint against him as a whole unless he made a drastic change. I sat down with this doctor, and talked to him about how women are valued in America, and what happens to those in the work environment who do not catch on quickly, namely that they get fired. This was around 1986, today they would be charged in a court with sexual harassment and that would follow them most of their lives.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Is Slavery Legal under Islamic Social Norms Today?


Is Slavery Legal Under Islamic Social Norms Today?


      It is understood that not everyone who says they are Muslim has the read Qur'an. It is also accepted that not every Muslim has read Sharia. But for those who claim this religion as their own, they must understand that certain beliefs come with the claim, irregardless with if they knew of the belief, accept the belief personally or not. This is the same for all faith structures.  When people come from countries where shariah is stated as the ruling authority in their country to your country, they bring those political beliefs.

Under Western Civilization slavery, which had existed for centuries no matter the race, was outlawed in the mid 19th century. It is now the 21st century. Throughout the world, slavery is considered to be one of the most heinous crimes. Prostitution is often seen as a form of slavery, when someone controls how much the woman/man sells their body for and determines how much they will give them if anything at all. But is actual slavery of a person is akin to the 19th century slaves on American plantations is permissible under Islam today? Read on for the answer?

The Quran has several references in it to slaves and the treatment of them. Most of these references are to those serving as sex slaves.


Sura 23:1-6: “Certainly will the believers have succeeded: Certainly will the believers have succeeded: They who are during their prayer humbly submissive And they who turn away from ill speech And they who are observant of zakah And they who guard their private parts Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will not be blamed.”

Sura 33:52: “Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is it] for you to exchange them for [other] wives, even if their beauty were to please you, except what your right hand possesses. And ever is Allah , over all things, an Observer.
Sura 70:29-31: And those who guard their private parts Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they are not to be blamed  But whoever seeks beyond that, then they are the transgressors –


The phrase right hand possesses, refers directly to the female slaves owned by Muslims. Muhammad was a slave owner. He had numerous slaves both white and black. There are recorded in the Hadiths.

 

Narrated `Umar: I came and behold, Allah's Apostle was staying on a Mashroba (attic room) and a black slave of Allah's Apostle was at the top if its stairs. I said to him, "(Tell the Prophet) that here is `Umar bin Al- Khattab (asking for permission to enter)." Then he admitted me. (Bukhari 7263).

 

Allah's Messenger  was on a journey and he had a black slave called Anjasha, and he was driving the camels (very fast, and there were women riding on those camels). Allah's Messenger said, "Waihaka (May Allah be merciful to you), O Anjasha! Drive slowly (the camels) with the glass vessels (women)!" (Bukhari 6161)

         

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: "We were with the Messenger of Allah in the year of Khaibar, and we did not get any spoils of war except for wealth, goods and clothes. Then a man from Banu Ad-Dubaib, who was called Rifa'ah bin Zaid, gave the Messenger of Allah a black slave who was called Mid'am. The Messenger of Allah set out for Wadi Al-Qura. When we were in Wadi Al-Qura, while Mid'am was unloading the luggage of the Messenger of Allah, an arrow came and killed him. The people said: 'Congratulations! You will go to Paradise,' but the Messenger of Allah said: 'No, by the One in Whose hand is my soul! The cloak that he took from the spoils of war on the Day of Khaibar is burning him with fire.' When the people heard that, a man brought one or two shoelaces to the Messenger of Allah and the Messenger of Allah said: 'One or two shoelaces of fire.'" (Sunan an-Nasa'i 3827)

         

In Pakistan on May 31, 2010, talk show host Mubasher Lucman, interviewed Islamic clerics Maulana Naeemi, Mohammed Siddiqui, and Allama Zaheer on Pakistani television channel Express News on various topics. Amongst them the topic of slavery came up.
Screen shot:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJK470Mavj4 

 

Mubasher Lucman: "I have a question. I will move to the details later. Does Islam allow slave trading?"

Allama Zaheer: "Islam allows to trade slaves where there are established markets for this purpose. Taking new [i.e. free] men as slaves is neither allowed in Islam nor does Islam encourage it."

Mubasher Lucman: "The offspring from a slave is a slave, isn't it?"

Allama Zaheer: "No. There are a number of conditions under which an offspring of a slave is free. If the owner wants to set him free, he is... If somebody marries a concubine and she gets pregnant, the offspring is not a slave. After marrying a concubine either the master can set her free or can marry her to another man, but cannot sell her again...It's not that slave of a child is always slave..."

Mubasher Lucman: "What are the conditions in your eyes?"

Maulana Naeemi: "...First it is important to note that slaves were sold and markets were established even before Islam... How were they enslaved? They were captured in conditions of wars; were abducted from roadsides; children were kidnapped by force and sold; slaves were leading a miserable life before Islam.

"The conception of slavery in Islam is not to continue its practice, but the concept of slavery was allowed because it existed at that time; ending it suddenly could have resulted in a host of problems. Therefore, the concept of slavery was adopted but a number of steps were stipulated so that it is not thought that slavery is permitted in Islam, that slavery will continue; rather, along with those steps, slavery began moving toward its end from society.

"Insofar as the question is how the people were enslaved... and how those slaves were treated is concerned; during the times of the prophet (peace be upon him) a battle was fought from where war booty was brought; among them was a beautiful lady. She was given to a companion of the prophet (peace be upon him). The prophet took her back from him, sent her to Mecca and a few Muslim prisoners there were gotten free in exchange for her. There are a number of similar examples where slaves brought from wars were used for prisoner exchange, or were set free against some payment, or most importantly were set free as a goodwill gesture."[1]

 

This interview included a question about how they would get slaves since many believed if they had signed an alliance with the United Nations that they would be forbidden from taking slaves from any country that had also become part of the UN. This left many questions indeed. There was also an exception to this rule. That will shock you!

Screen Shot:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mIkSujeXws
           
Mubasher Lucman: "Suppose today, if we go to war against Kufr [infidel world] on the Kashmir issue, win it, and bring slave men and women..."

Mohammed Siddiqui: "You should consult religious scholars; they are of the opinion that the countries which have signed the Charter of the United Nations Organization are not permitted to take the citizens of other member countries as slaves."

Mubasher Lucman: "I am talking about the perspective of Islam, not of the UN as the UN is not following Islam."

Mohammad Siddiqui: "Why are you arguing about it?"

Mubasher Lucman: "I am not arguing about it. I am trying to understand it."

[Interruptions...]

Mubasher Lucman: "How are UN and Islam linked?"

Mohammed Siddiqui: "The link between the UN and Islam is that we have been ordered by the Koran to keep our accords. If an accord is not against Islam, we are bound by it."

Allama Zaheer: "Maulana Mohammed Siddiqui has rightly said that we cannot take the citizens of the countries as slaves who have diplomatic relations with us."

Mubasher Lucman: "What if we go to a war against Israel, can we take slaves and concubines as we don't have diplomatic relations with them...?"

Allama Zaheer: "Yes, we can. It is permitted to have concubines [from Israel]."

Mubasher Lucman: "What do you say Maulana Aslam Siddiqui? Did you listen to Maulana Ibtisam Zaheer?"

Mohammed Siddiqui: "No, I could not."

(Mubasher Lucman repeats the statement by Ibtisam Elahi)

Mohammed Siddiqui: "We do not have any accord with the countries with which we have no diplomatic relations..."
[Interruptions...]

Mubasher Lucman: "So, we can take [slaves] from Israel, if we achieve victory over Israel and get manpower?"

Mohammed Siddiqui: "Imagine! I am surprised how far-fetched you think..."

[Interruptions and laughter...]

Maulana Naeemi: "Islamic laws are very old and true. The law from the times of the caliphs is that you have to keep your promises. If you have an accord of prisoner exchange with a country, you have to give the war captives back to them."

Allama Zaheer [interrupts]: "You gave the example of Israel very positively. They are Jews. We could have married with their women in case of a victory, but we don't need that as we don't have diplomatic relations; so if we win and get slave women, and if the emir of the army distributes concubines, we can keep them as concubines if we get some of our share of war booty. And we should be thankful to Allah for that. But we cannot steal a woman from war booty..."
(Break)

Mubasher Lucman: "I have an important question that demands a detailed answer... any of you can answer it... It appears that there is a grey area where we are no defining zina [rape/adultery] as zina, as it is."

Maulana Naeemi: "No, it's not so..."

Mubasher Lucman: "You said, it can be without nikah"
[Interruptions...]

Maulana Naeemi: "We have to follow Koran. We cannot question the Koran. If the Koran says it is black, we have to say it is black; we cannot think if it is black or not. If the Koran says it is white it is white. The Koran says when you have women in war booty, you are allowed to have sexual relations with them. This is what the Koran says, not you and I."

Allama Zaheer: "There is no grey area. What the Koran allows is allowed, what the Koran forbids us from is forbidden..."[2]

 

In 2011, Salaw al-Mteiri, a Kuwaiti political activist woman discovered an issue she wanted to push. She made not one video to express her opinion on the issue, but two!  The Middle East Media Research Institute translated these speeches and shared them. In 2011, the world that saw the video translated was horrified. Those who understand Islam were not surprised about anything except that a Muslim woman was on video and talking politics. In her first video which aired on May 25th, 2011, she said:

           
I asked [a Saudi mufti]: What is the law with regard to slave girls? The mufti told me that the law requires there to be a Muslim country raiding a Christian country – sorry, a non-Muslim country – and taking POWs. I asked him whether it was forbidden [to turn them into slaves], and he said that Islam does not prohibit keeping slave girls – on the contrary.

The law pertaining to slave girls is not the same as for free women. Free women must cover their bodies, except for their hands and faces. The slave girl must cover up from the belly button down.

There is a big difference between slave girls and free women. With a free woman, the man must make a marriage contract, but with a slave girl – all he has to do is buy her. It's as if he married her. So there is a difference between slave girls and free women.

Here in Kuwait too, I asked religious scholars and experts about this, and they said that for the average, good religious man, the only way to avoid forbidden relations with women is to purchase slave girls.[3]

Later in July she was interviewed on July 1 on Al-Hayat TV. Her political activities seemed to fascinate the interviewer. His first question addressed her opinion and research on slavery.

 

Salwa Al-Mteiri: "I thought that if the age of slave-girls was restored in a proper legal fashion, it could be a solution [to many problems], Allah willing."

Interviewer: "Will women and wives in Kuwait welcome the idea of slave-girls, and have their husband go to some office and buy a slave-girl or two? How will they accept it?"

Salwa Al-Mteiri: "The believing woman is content with the law of Allah, and with what her religion requires her to do. In my opinion, this is the best solution to reduce the rate of marital betrayal and the spread of disease. This is a problem not only in Kuwait, but throughout the world."

Keep in mind this is before ISIS became the Islamic State and enslaved hundreds of Yazidi and Christian girls as sex slaves. There are little hundreds of articles out there from those who survived and were freed somehow either by their own escape or the military squashing of the Islamic State.

The reason that slavery is still legal under Islam is that Muhammad owned slaves. In order to be a good Muslim you must imitate Muhammad in every way, so this is one thing that is currently not permissible in most non-Islamic countries. Some Islamic countries also do not permit slavery—according to their posted laws. But keep in mind that each Islamic country states in their constitution that the country is subject to shariah, so while a law may exist banning slavery, under shariah it is permissible.




[1] (Pakistan TV Debate on Concubines and Slavery in Islam, 2010)
[2] (Pakistan TV Debate on Concubines and Slavery in Islam, 2010)
[3] (Al-Mteiri, 2011)